Information About Environmental Problems


Flowers Toxic To Bees: What Plants Are Poisonous To Bees

By Mary Ellen Ellis

Bees are vital for plant pollination. Bee friendly gardens are a great way to support the population of these pollinators. However, did you know some plants are actually toxic to bees? To find out more about flowers harmful to bees click here.

Tornado Proof Gardening – How To Protect Your Garden From A Tornado

By Susan Albert, Freelance Garden Writer

By choosing wind-resistant trees and taking proper care of those trees will go a long way toward garden tornado protection. Advance warning of an approaching tornado may also allow time to remove potential airborne items. Click here to view other tornado proofing ideas.

Plants Toxic To Rabbits – Learn About Plants Rabbits Can’t Eat

By Amy Grant

Rabbits are fun pets to have but require specific knowledge on the animal, including dangerous plants, especially if your rabbit is allowed to roam about the yard. To learn what garden plants are harmful to rabbits, click this article.

Plants And Smoking – How Does Cigarette Smoke Affect Plants

By Mary Ellen Ellis

For smokers who love their indoor plants, a concern one may have is what impact secondhand smoke can have on them. Houseplants are often used to keep indoor air cleaner, but can plants filter cigarette smoke? Learn more about plants and secondhand smoke here.

Plants Goats Can’t Eat – Are Any Plants Poisonous To Goats

By Amy Grant

Goats are famously known for being able to eat almost anything, but are there any plants poisonous to goats? There are actually quite a number of plants toxic to goats. Click this article to learn what plants goats should avoid.

Sheep And Poisonous Plants – What Plants Are Poisonous To Sheep

By Mary Ellen Ellis

One essential part of a sheep’s day is that of grazing. If you have a flock of sheep, it’s important to know what plants may be poisonous to sheep. To protect your flock from toxic plants, click the following article for a list of plants that could be dangerous.

Plants Pigs Can’t Eat: Information On Plants Harmful To Pigs

By Teo Spengler

If you happen to have a pet pig or if you raise pigs as livestock, don’t assume that the same toxic plant list applies. What is poisonous to pigs? Plants harmful to pigs don’t always kill them. Click here for a list of plants that are toxic for pigs and those that will make pigs sick.

Bad Plants For Cattle – What Plants Are Toxic To Cows

By Mary Ellen Ellis

Keeping cows is a lot of work, even if you have just a small farm with a herd of a few cattle. There are plenty of plants cows shouldn’t eat, and if you are going to have any amount of cattle, you need to know what they are. This article can help with that.

Erosion And Native Plants – Why Are Native Plants Good For Erosion

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

There are many native plants good for erosion and, once established, they will need little maintenance and are tolerant of the conditions in the site. Building an erosion proof plan starts with a list of some of the best native plants for erosion control. This article will help.

What Are Parasitic Plants: Learn About Parasitic Plant Damage

By Shelley Pierce

Mistletoe actually is one of many different types of parasitic plants out there. Given that there are over 4,000 species of parasitic plants in existence, you will need some parasitic plant info to help you make sense of it all. Learn more about parasitic plants here.

What Is A Hemiparasitic Plant – Examples Of Hemiparasitic Plants

By Kristi Waterworth

There are lots of plants in the garden that we devote almost no thought to. For example, parasitic plants exist in a wide range of conditions and they're rarely discussed. This article is about hemiparasitic plants and the damage they can do to your landscape or garden.

Protecting Plants In Severe Weather – Learn About Thunderstorm Plant Damage

By Darcy Larum, Landscape Designer

Lightning strikes off in the distance, for a brief moment lighting up your view, showing you all the destruction you will have to deal with once the storm passes - downed limbs or trees, pots blown away, plants flattened, etc. Learn how to protect plants from thunderstorms here.

Wind Damaged Plants: Tips On Helping Plants After A Tornado

By Teo Spengler

When winter weather gets wild and windy, trees can suffer. But if a tornado hits your area once warmer weather returns, you may see extensive damage to your plants and garden, even if your house is spared. Learn how to save plants after a tornado in this article.

Keeping Plants Safe In Frost: How To Protect Plants From Frost

By Liz Baessler

Even if your climate experiences cold winters, a single frost can come late in the spring or early in the fall to kill your tender plants well before their time. Learn more about protecting plants from frost in the article that follows.

Effects Of Defoliation – What To Do For Defoliated Plants In The Garden

By Darcy Larum, Landscape Designer

It can start with just a few leaves dropping off a plant before nothing but bare branches are left. There can be many reasons for this defoliation of plants. Click this article to learn what causes defoliation and the effects of defoliation in the garden.

Wind Injury To Plants – How To Fix Wind Damaged Plants

By Jackie Carroll

Strong winds can damage or kill landscape plants. Dealing with wind damage promptly and properly can improve a plant's chances of survival, and in many cases, the plant will recover its former graceful glory. Learn more in this article.

Does Weather Affect Plant Growth: Effect Of Temperature On Plants

By Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer

Does weather affect plant growth? It sure does! It's easy to tell when a plant has been nipped by frost, but high temperatures can be just as harmful. There is a considerable disparity when it comes to temperature stress in plants. Learn more here.

Plant Covering Materials – Ideas For Covering Plants In Cold Weather

By Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer

All living things need some sort of protection to keep them comfortable during the winter months and plants are no exception. In addition to mulch, or even snow, many plants depend on a little extra protection to survive. Learn more here.

Leaves Dry And Paper Like: Reasons Plant Leaves Are Papery Looking

By Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer

If you see papery leaves on plants, or if you've noticed papery spots on leaves, you have a mystery on your hands. However, there are several possible causes when leaves are papery looking and brittle. Click here for tips to unravel this conundrum.

What Is Phytotoxicity: Information About Phytotoxicity In Plants

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Phytotoxicity is anything chemical which causes an adverse reaction. The plant's response varies from discolored leaves to death. The sensitivity can go both ways, however, since some plants are phototoxic to humans too. Click here to learn more.

What Is Desiccation: Learn About Desiccation In Plants

By Kristi Waterworth

Winter winds blow hard everywhere, but your landscape may feel the pain long before you do. If your landscape plants are emerging from the winter with brown leaves, they're probably suffering from desiccation. Find out what it is and how to deal with it in this article.

Effects Of Cold In Plants: Why And How Plants Are Affected By Cold

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Even plants in the correct zone may suffer from cold damage. Why does cold affect plants? The reasons for this vary and depend upon site, soil, duration of cold, and other factors. This article provides additional information.

Winter Death Of Plants: Why Do Plants Die In Winter

By Kristi Waterworth

When the snow flies, it can be easy to forget about the plants in your landscape, but these are the times they may need you the most. Find out why even hardy plants may die in the winter, and a few things you can do about it in this article.

Wrapping Plants In Burlap: How To Use Burlap For Protecting Plants

By Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer

Wrapping plants with burlap is a relatively simple way to protect the plants from winter frost, snow and ice. Burlap for plants can be as simple as an old burlap bag. Read this article to learn more about using burlap for winter plant protection in the garden.

When Potted Plants Are Too Wet: How To Avoid Overwatering Of Container Plants

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Overwatering in potted plants is of the most concern, as they are in a captive habitat. In this article, you will find a few tips and tricks can teach you how to avoid overwatering of container plants for healthy, no-fuss greenery and ways of treating overwatered plants.

Flower Drop Tips: Reasons Why Healthy Blooms Fall Off

By Jackie Carroll

If you've ever experienced the disappointment of having healthy buds and flowers drop off of your plants, this article is for you. Click here to find out what causes blossom drop in plants, and what you can do about it.

Reducing Soil Erosion: Using Plants For Erosion Control

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Reducing soil erosion is important to preserve the nutrient rich soils and natural or unnatural topography. Using plants for erosion control is an excellent method. This article will provide more info.

What Is A Blind Plant: Learn Why Some Plants Fail To Bloom

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Non-blooming of plants that should bloom is the actual definition of plant blindness. The reason some plants fail to bloom can be caused by many situations. Read here to discover the answers and causes to this disappointing bloom issue.

Dust Storms And Gardens: How To Protect Plants From Desert Storms

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Sand storms in the desert wreak some of the most severe havoc on your garden. Learn how to protect plants from these desert storms in the following article so you won't be left in the dust. Click here for more info.

Excessive Rain On Plants: How To Garden In Wet Ground

By Amy Grant

Wet weather and plants are usually a match made in heaven. However, sometimes this can be too much of a good thing. Learn more what happens when there is too much rain on plants in this article and what, if anything, can be done.

Uprooted Plant Damage: Dealing With Uprooted Plants

By Kristi Waterworth

Uprooted garden plants are a very common gardening problem, especially in areas prone to high winds. Keep reading this article for information on what to do about plant roots coming out of ground.

What Is Edema: Tips For Treating Edema In Plants

By Kristi Waterworth

Ever have one of those days when you feel a little sluggish and bloated? Well, your plants can have the same problem. Read this article to learn about edema in plants. Click here to learn more.

What Is Sunscald: Learn About Sunscald On Plants

By Anne Baley

Did you know that plants and trees can get a sunburn just like human beings? Much like our sunburn, sunscald on plants damages the outer layer of a plant's skin. Read this article for tips on treating sunscald.

Salt Injury To Plants: How To Save Plants From Salt Damage

By Susan Patterson, Master Gardener

In northernmost regions, where the use of salt spray is popular during winter, it is not uncommon to find salt damage on lawns or even some salt injury to plants. Learn more about treating it in this article.

Hail Crop Damage: How To Care For Hail Damaged Plants

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

You can feel the ping of hailstones on your skin and your plants can too. Hail crop damage can severely decimate the harvest. This article will help with repairing or preventing this damage.

What Is Winter Burn: How To Care For Winter Burn In Evergreens

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Spring gardeners may notice that some of their needled and evergreen plants have brown to rust areas. This problem is called winter burn. What is winter burn and what causes it? Learn more in this article.

Information On How To Protect Outdoor Plants In Winter

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Protecting plants in winter can help prevent winter scald, frozen roots, foliar damage and even death. Cold weather plant protection takes a little pre-planning, and this article will help.

Tips For Saving Cold Damaged Plants

By Nikki Tilley, Author of The Bulb-o-licious Garden

How much cold will kill a plant? Not much, although this is usually dependent on the hardiness of the plant as and its climate. With prompt care, many of these cold damaged plants can be rescued. Get more info here.

Signs Of Plants Affected By Too Much Water

By Heather Rhoades

While most people know that too little water can kill a plant, they are surprised to find out that too much water for a plant can kill it too. Read this article to learn the signs for an overwatered plant.

What Causes Brown Edges On Leaves Of Plants

By Heather Rhoades

When a plant gets brown edges on leaves or brown leaf tips, a gardener's first thought may be that this is a disease or pest that is attacking the plant. This is not the case. Find out what it is in this article.


Our List of the 52 Top Gardening Websites

Gardening Websites - Most of us love our garden and spend as much time as possible there. Unfortunately, too many of us simply don't have green fingers..

My mom was an avid gardener. Dad too, but I remember my mom spending many days in the garden. The result was many lovely gardens in the front, side and back.

I remember when I was 4 or 5 years old that she dedicated a part of her garden for us kids to plant some things. It was very exciting to plant and watch our efforts produce flowers. That was my first introduction to gardening.

These days, while I’m not as avid a gardener as my mom, my wife and I enjoy working in the yard. We focus on a few areas each year to make them as pretty as possible. Our home is actually a garden primarypiece because the former owner was a gardener extraordinaire and so we lucked out with having an amazing established garden, most of it perennial flowers and bushes. It’s a lot to keep up though and not easy with two young kids. Nevertheless, we took the baton and do our best to keep the yard looking beautiful in Spring, Summer and Fall.

Gardening for many is a passion. There’s so much one can learn. It’s one of those passions where everyone is constantly learning. The fruits of those passions and efforts is very gratifying.

If you’re looking to get into gardening or already are and would like more information, we’ve compiled a list of what we consider the top 50 gardening websites online.


Toxic Technotrash

Technotrash, also called electronic waste or
e-waste, is any broken or unwanted electrical or electronic device, and is currently the most rapidly-growing type of waste.

If you just throw away technotrash with the regular trash, it usually ends up in a landfill. Most electronics contain non-biodegradable materials, and heavy metals and toxic materials like cadmium, lead and mercury. Over time, these toxic materials can leak into the ground, where they can contaminate the water we drink, the plants we eat and the animals that live around the area. Many European countries have even banned technotrash from landfills.

These toxic materials can cause all kinds of bad effects including nausea, diarrhea, vomiting and even cancer. If you keep eating and drinking contaminated food and water, these toxins can build up in your body. If you eat animals that have been contaminated, you're getting a double dose of toxins. What's even worse, your body can't properly process some of these metals and so they might take years to get out of your system.

To help protect the environment, don't put technotrash in with the rest of your household's garbage. Check with your local recycling centers to see if they take technotrash, or enter the type of trash and your zip code at Earth911.org to look for other recycling places nearby. You can also ship it to a company that specializes in disposing of technotrash, like GreenDisk.


Current Environmental Issues and News

Climate Change - Climate Crisis

UNEP report: To limit temperature increase to 1.5В°C, we must drop our greenhouse gas emissions 7.6% each year between 2020 and 2030. This will take an all-hands-on-deck effort. Here's how you can help!

Climate change, or global warming, is the greatest environmental threat we've ever faced. How we respond to this crisis will greatly impact both current and future generations and all other species.

The global carbon dioxide equivalent of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere has exceeded 400 parts per million (Climate.gov). This level is considered a tipping point. "Carbon dioxide levels today are higher than at any point in at least the past 800,000 years. The last time the atmospheric CO2 amounts were this high was more than 3 million years ago, when temperature was 2°–3°C (3.6°–5.4°F) higher than during the pre-industrial era, and sea level was 15–25 meters (50–80 feet) higher than today."

A new UN Environment Programme (UNEP) report warns that unless global greenhouse gas emissions fall by 7.6% each year between 2020 and 2030, the world will miss the opportunity to get on track towards the 1.5В°C temperature goal of the Paris Agreement.

"There is alarming evidence that important tipping points, leading to irreversible changes in major ecosystems and the planetary climate system, may already have been reached or passed. Ecosystems as diverse as the Amazon rainforest and the Arctic tundra, may be approaching thresholds of dramatic change through warming and drying. Mountain glaciers are in alarming retreat and the downstream effects of reduced water supply in the driest months will have repercussions that transcend generations.

In October 2018 the IPCC issued aВ special reportВ on the impacts of global warming of 1.5В°C, finding that limiting global warming to 1.5В°C would require rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society. With clear benefits to people and natural ecosystems, the report found that limiting global warming to 1.5В°C compared to 2В°C could go hand in hand with ensuring a more sustainable and equitable society. While previous estimates focused on estimating the damage if average temperatures were to rise by 2В°C, this report shows that many of the adverse impacts of climate change will come at the 1.5В°C mark.

The report also highlights a number of climate change impacts that could be avoided by limiting global warming to 1.5ВєC compared to 2ВєC, or more. For instance, by 2100, global sea level rise would be 10 cm lower with global warming of 1.5В°C compared with 2В°C. The likelihood of an Arctic Ocean free of sea ice in summer would be once per century with global warming of 1.5В°C, compared with at least once per decade with 2В°C. Coral reefs would decline by 70-90 percent with global warming of 1.5В°C, whereas virtually all (> 99 percent) would be lost with 2ВєC.

The report finds that limiting global warming to 1.5В°C would require “rapid and far-reaching” transitions in land, energy, industry, buildings, transport, and cities. Global net human-caused emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) would need to fall by about 45 percent from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching ‘net zero’ around 2050. This means that any remaining emissions would need to be balanced by removing CO2 from the air.". (UNEP).

Charts comparing impacts at 1.5В°C vs. 2В°C (NASA)

"We are the first generation to fully understand climate change and the last generation to be able to do something about it." (United Nations World Meteorological Organization)


Once you’re well versed in environmental issues, you can use that knowledge to start beneficial projects in your home and/or in your community.

Possible Project Ideas

  • Instead of driving to work or school, take the bus, carpool, walk, or ride your bike to cut down on greenhouse gas emissions. According to the EPA transportation adds to 33% of the total atmospheric CO₂.
  • Consider investing in appropriate technology like clean power (solar or wind), if not for your home then maybe for a community center. This supports a transition to clean and renewable energy.
  • Buy reusable products such as glass bottles, reusable bags and reusable cups. Avoid buying disposable goods such as paper towels, plastic bottles, and plastic bags.
  • Start composting and recycling, which will help cut down our waste production.
  • Support local businesses and farmers, and buy organic and pesticide-free food when you can. Or, start your own community garden.

Once you have chosen your cause and have started a personal or community project, share it with the world! Get your coworkers, neighbors, friends, family, or even your local government involved. It’s much easier and more effective to spread environmental awareness and start a local project if you collaborate with others in your community.

Promoting environmental awareness is a crucial part of being an environmental steward. Start participating in the change and teach your community what is needed to create a sustainable future.


Watch the video: Causes and Effects of Climate Change. National Geographic


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