Neoalsomitra is a caudex plant and is a member of the Pumpkin family. This plant came to us from the territories of Malaysia, China and India. Of all the types of neoalsomitra, only one has become widespread as a houseplant.
It is a perennial evergreen caudex plant. Caudex has the shape of a ball, the diameter of which is rarely more than 15 cm. The length of the plant stem can be 3-4 m. Such a liana clings to the support with the help of special tendrils. The leaves are smooth to the touch, have an oval, pointed shape at the end. They are located on the stem of an alternate, bright green color with a clear vein in the center. The flowers are creamy or creamy green, unisexual. The female flowers are single, and the male flowers are collected in an inflorescence.
Neoalsomitra is preferred in a bright but diffused sunny color. Can tolerate some direct sunlight, but only in the morning or evening. In the afternoon, from the hot sun on the leaves, it is necessary to shade. Will grow best on west or east windows.
In spring and summer, neoalsomitra will feel good at normal room temperature. It is advisable to grow it outdoors during this period. In winter, the plant must be kept at 15 degrees Celsius.
The maximum growth of neoalsomiter shows when it is kept in humid air with a moisture level in it from 60 to 80%. However, it can also adapt to the dry air of city apartments, while additional spraying of the leaves is not required.
Neoalsomitra in spring and summer needs constant and abundant watering. The top layer of soil should have time to dry out. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced, but not stopped at all, since the plant does not tolerate completely dry soil.
Neoalsomitra needs regular fertilization in the spring and summer. A universal top dressing for cactus is suitable. In autumn and winter, fertilization is stopped.
Neoalsomitra needs an annual spring transplant. A mixture consisting of leaf and sod land, peat and sand in equal proportions is suitable for the substrate. You can also buy ready-made soil for cacti and succulents. It is important to fill the bottom of the pot with a generous drainage layer.
Neoalsomitra can be propagated both by cuttings and by seeds. A shoot containing from 2 to 3 leaves is suitable for the cutting. Its rooting occurs equally well both in wet soil and in water. The root system will appear in just a few weeks.
Seeds are planted in the spring, keep them in a warm place, periodically moisturizing. From above, the container is closed with a bag or glass and aired daily.
Neoalsomitra is susceptible to spider mites. If suddenly the leaves began to turn yellow and dry, and the stems die off, then this may indicate insufficiently moistened soil and too dry air.