Clivia: growing from seeds, reproduction and transplantation, species, photo


Houseplants Published: June 18, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Botanical description

Clivia belongs to the Amaryllis family and has 3 plant species. In nature, they are common in South Africa.
Clivia is an evergreen herbaceous perennial. Stemless plant, but the leaves grow so dense that they create a false stem. The xiphoid leaves grow from the roots, which are something in between the rhizome and the bulb. The flowers are bell-shaped, orange, pinkish and red in color, gather in umbrella-shaped inflorescences.
Home clivia has been blooming for more than one year. The plant is valued for its flowers, but even without flowering, the plant looks great in the interior because of its beautiful leaves. Clivia blooms in winter, and a large number of varieties allow you to decorate the house with flowers of different colors and shades. The plant is quite unpretentious, which allows even novice growers to grow clivia. To obtain a large specimen, the plant is not propagated by division and the offspring are not removed.

Briefly about growing

  • Bloom: during the month in late winter or early spring.
  • Lighting: bright diffused light without direct sunlight.
  • Temperature: in spring and summer - within 20-26 ºC. In autumn it is 13-14 ºC, but as soon as the plant releases a peduncle, the temperature is raised to 20 ºC.
  • Watering: regular and moderate. In spring and summer they water more often, in autumn and winter - less often, but as soon as a peduncle appears, watering is gradually increased.
  • Air humidity: common for living quarters, but in the heat you can spray or wash the leaves of the plant with a damp sponge.
  • Top dressing: during the growing season - 2 times a month with mineral fertilizers for flowering plants and organic solutions alternately.
  • Rest period: from mid to late autumn.
  • Transfer: after flowering: young clivias - annually, mature - once every 2-3 years. Too large specimens need to change the top layer of the potting substrate annually.
  • Substrate: 2 parts of sod land and 1 part of peat and humus. For every three liters of substrate, add two tablespoons of superphosphate.
  • Reproduction: seeds and offspring.
  • Pests: scale insects, false scales, mealybugs and aphids.
  • Diseases: problems arise mainly from improper maintenance or poor care.

Read more about growing clivia below.

Photo of clivia

Home care for clivia

Lighting

The best locations for clivia at home are windows on the east and west side. On the north side, the plant grows more slowly and may not bloom due to lack of light. On the southern windows, the plant must be hidden from direct sunlight. Indoor clivia can be taken outside in the summer to a place protected from precipitation, drafts and the sun.

Temperature

In spring and summer, clivia should grow at home at temperatures between 20 and 26 ° C. In October-November, the temperature is reduced to 13-14 ° C, and with the appearance of the peduncle, the temperature must be increased to 20 ° C. High dormant temperatures will not kill the plant, but may affect future flowering and growth.

Watering the clivia

Water the clivia houseplant with soft water, which is allowed to stand for 24 hours before watering. The earth lump should dry out a little between waterings. Excess water from the pan must be drained. When home clivia throws out a peduncle, watering is increased, and water for irrigation is taken just above room temperature.

Spraying

It is not necessary to spray the clivia, but in the summer it is advisable to sometimes spray the plant and wipe the leaves with a soft damp cloth.

Top dressing

They begin to feed the clivia after the first pick, 2 times a month, alternately with full mineral and liquid organic fertilizers. Fertilization of the clivia is not required during the dormant period.

Dormant period

For the full-fledged abundant flowering of clivia, rest is necessary throughout mid-late autumn. And the older the plant, the longer the rest period should be. At this time, the plant is not watered, making sure that the home clivia flower does not shed its leaves. If this starts, then the plant needs to be watered a little.

Bloom

When a peduncle appears, the temperature needs to be increased, watering resumed and fertilizing begin. This whole procedure must be started when the arrow grows to 15 cm, otherwise the arrow plant may not develop. It is highly undesirable to rearrange the clivia during the flowering period. If there is such a need, then the plant will need to be placed in the same direction of growth, otherwise the plant may shed its leaves. During the period of active growth, up to 10 new leaves appear in clivia.

The buds usually open in February, and flowering lasts up to a month. One clivia peduncle can have up to thirty flowers. Those who want to get fruits need to artificially pollinate the flowers - the fruit first grows green, and after a year it turns red-orange. To collect seeds suitable for propagation, you need to wait until the fruits become soft, indicating that they are ripe. If there is no need for seeds, then it is better to cut the fruits, because they take a lot of strength from the clivia.

Clivia transplant

Clivia is transplanted only when necessary - when the roots begin to crawl out of the pot. Often, young plants are transplanted every year, and adult specimens are transplanted every two to three years. In both cases, they are transplanted at the end of flowering. They are transplanted carefully so as not to damage the roots, otherwise they can rot. If the root is cracked, sprinkle it with charcoal. If clivia is not transplanted, you just need to change the top 5 cm of soil. The pot should be flush with the plant. High-quality drainage must be poured at the bottom of the pot. The substrate is slightly acidic, from sod, peat and humus soil (2: 1: 1). It will not be superfluous to add slow-acting phosphorus fertilizers (two tablespoons per three liters of soil).

Growing from seeds

Seeds are sown in October-April. Seeds are placed at a distance of 2 cm from each other. The substrate is made up of turf, sand and peat (2: 2: 1). Seedlings should appear within six months, and after the appearance of the 1st leaf, the seedlings are transplanted into individual pots 7 cm in diameter. In the first six months, up to 6 leaves appear on a clivia houseplant. In the next 2 years, the plants are transferred 2 more times - each time into a pot 3 cm wider than the previous one. The substrate is made up of 2 parts of sod land and one part of peat, humus and sand. In the third year, the clivia plant in the fall is provided with a dormant period, since at this age there should be the first flowering. If it is not there, then the next year the care procedure is repeated, up to the dormant period - the plants may bloom not in the third, but in the fourth year.

Reproduction by offspring

Clivia offspring are separated from the parent plant during plant transplantation. They are planted one at a time in 7cm pots. It is very important not to damage the roots during transplantation, as they are prone to decay. For the reproduction of clivia by offspring, babies with four leaves are suitable - they are separated, planted in the sand for rooting and the temperature is maintained at 18 ° C. Young plants are watered very carefully. When the offspring take root, they are transplanted into a substrate from equal parts of greenhouse, sod and leafy land.

Virulence

The leaves of the clivia plant are poisonous. Hands should be washed after handling the plant. Leaves entering the gastrointestinal tract can cause diarrhea and vomiting.

Diseases and pests

The clivia peduncle does not grow. A short peduncle indicates insufficient watering or too low temperature during the period of active growth.

The clivia leaves turn pale. Lack of nutrients can lead to loss of color in leaves and lack of peduncles.

Clivia roots rot. Excessive watering leads to decay of the roots and stem, as well as the appearance of brown spots at the ends of the leaves.

Clivia does not bloom. Clivia may not bloom if the temperature in the apartment is too high, the plant does not have enough light, or the dormant period is not long enough.

Spots of clivia leaves. White spots on the leaves can be sunburn from sunlight. It is not advisable to keep the plant on the southern windows.

Clivia pests. Indoor clivia is quite susceptible to pest infestation - most often it is a scale insect and a false scale insect, as well as aphids and mealybugs.

Views

Clivia Gardena / Clivia gardenii

This species grows up to 0.5 m in height. The leaves taper towards the top, xiphoid in shape, up to 4 cm wide. On almost half-meter peduncles there are up to 16 narrow flowers similar to bells. Lanceolate petals up to 3 cm long. The flowering period is winter.

Clivia cinnabar / Clivia miniata

The plant grows in height up to 0.5 m. The xiphoid leaves grow up to 60 cm in length and up to 6 cm in width; gradually taper from base to apex. On a half-meter peduncle, from 10 to 20 large funnel-shaped flowers of bright red color will grow. Pedicels up to 3 cm long. Flowering period: February to May. Different varieties of this species may differ in leaf size and flower color.

Clivia the Beautiful / Clivia nobilis

The plant grows in height from 30 cm. The edges of the leaves are sharp, the shape is xiphoid, the leaves taper towards the top. On a 30-50-centimeter peduncle, 50-60 pale red flowers grow on three-centimeter pedicels. The flowers are funnel-shaped, with a curved perianth. The petals are up to 2 cm long, the apex of the petals is pointed and greenish.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Amaryllidaceae family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Shade-tolerant Bulb flowers Amaryllis Plants on K


Clivia transplant at home

Unless there are circumstances that require an immediate plant transplant, the clivia is transplanted after flowering, during a dormant period.

If you are not going to propagate the clivia from seeds harvested from the plant, the flower arrow should be cut off. The plant is greatly weakened, giving strength to the production of offspring.

When transshipment, it is necessary to preserve the roots, since the wounds can become infected and the roots will begin to rot, especially since the plant likes abundant watering. Young plants are transplanted annually, while the old ones only change the top layer of the loosened soil. When planting in a new container, the soil layer should not cover the base of the leaves. Constant dampness in this place will lead to decay.

If the roots are damaged during transshipment, they must be carefully treated with charcoal dust. The planted plant is shaded and creates comfortable conditions for rapid rooting.

At the same time, new offspring can be gently disentangled from the mother plant for the reproduction of the clivia. An indispensable condition will be the presence of at least four leaves in young plants. Only under this condition can the roots feed the young plant.

You can plant young children in separate cups, with a bottom hole and a drainage layer. In this case, the diameter of the dish should be about 7 cm in diameter. You can root two or three plants in one pot. When clivia is reproduced at home by children, it will give a flower arrow for the second or third season.

It is considered important not to create a dormant period of two years for young plants. They must intensively throw out the leaves, accumulate a supply of food in order to bloom faster. Continuous watering and feeding will speed up the formation of the arrow.


Reproduction of clivia

Clivia can be propagated by seeds or offspring, in a vegetative way. Propagate by offspring faster and more efficiently at home.

Offspring, babies, clivia are harvested when transshipment or transplanting a plant. Children root well if they have at least four leaves, so they are grown in sandy soil.

With vegetative propagation, clivia blooms in the third year.

Reproduction by seeds. Clivia seeds can be obtained at home by cross-pollinating flowers during flowering. After pollination, berries will appear, ripening within 9-10 months. Ripe clivia berries become soft and turn orange-red.

Clivia seeds are sown in a bowl with sand mixed with peat. The seeding depth is 8–10 mm. The distance between adjacent seeds is not less than 2 cm. Seedlings appear no later than 40-50 days from the moment of planting the seeds.

With the appearance of the first leaves, clivia seedlings are transplanted into cups, and as they grow, into pots.

Clivia from seed blooms in the fifth year, with the obligatory passage of the winter dormant period in the fourth year of life.


Watch the video: Online Qu0026A: Plant Health Care for the Home Grower


Previous Article

Information About Leonotis

Next Article

INSAS project