At my summer cottage, I often invent or introduce some new ways of growing and caring for plants. It's not even about optimizing garden work, but about creating better conditions for my green plantings. Several years ago I switched to a drip irrigation system, which has undeniable advantages.
Gradual root watering creates constant soil moisture required for the growth, development and fruiting of all vegetable crops. With such intra-soil drip irrigation, the soil around the stems remains loose and dry, which ensures the unhindered saturation of the plants with the necessary air.
This method of irrigation is also extremely convenient for me because, as a result of its application, I save the plants and get the harvest, coming to the dacha only on weekends. Thanks to this find, I can be calm that tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and other crops I grow receive the required care even in my absence.
This method of drip irrigation does not require any investment - it requires plastic beverage bottles of 1.5 and 5 liters. I prefer 5 liter bottles as more water will increase irrigation time.
I fill a five-liter bottle with water and seal it with a lid. At a distance of 2 cm from the bottom on opposite sides in the walls of the bottle, using a nail, I make 2 symmetrically located holes with a diameter of 1.5-2 mm.
In the ridge between plantings, I dig a hole slightly wider than the bottle and to a depth so that the bottle fits 2/3 of the height. I position the container so that the holes made are directed to the roots of the plants. A little above the level of the holes, I put straw, which will act as drainage and prevent clogging with earth. I compare the hole with the excavated earth to the level of the ridge.
If the system is done correctly, air bubbles will rise from the bottom of the bottle.
I use a two-hole system as the ground in my area is sandy and absorbs moisture well. If the earth is dense, clayey, then you need to experiment and find the optimal number of holes. It should be borne in mind that the size and height of the symmetrical holes must be exactly the same.
A self-made irrigation system does not require large financial investments in comparison with store offers and is very convenient.
Rate the article:
(6 votes, average: 5 out of 5)
Share with your friends!
Almost all plants need high-quality watering. But it is not always possible to implement it with expensive specialized means. In this case, you need to be smart and use the means at hand. It is about one such option for creating a drip irrigation system that will be discussed in the future.
Hello dear friends!
In winter, spring, summer - there will always be work for gardeners and truck farmers. Repair, preparation of equipment and seeds, sowing seeds, plant care, watering, etc. And some people think about the optimal irrigation system. To do this, you can purchase drip irrigation tape. The store that sells the appropriate tools will also offer instructions on how to attach it to the water tank. If there is a shaft well in the yard, and the farm has a pump and a barrel, then all that remains is to purchase parts and install the system.
So how does a drip irrigation system work and what is its essence?
The tank is equipped with a suitable membrane, it retains the water that flows from the tap until the pressure drops. Then the pump automatically turns on and pumps water from the well into the reservoir. It remains only to open or close the valve at the end of watering. Such a hydraulic accumulator is connected to a pump immersed in water. On the other hand, a water pipe is connected to the accumulator, through which water is supplied to where the tap is to be opened.
The essence of drip irrigation is that moisture goes directly to the roots of plants. Such irrigation is possible during the working day, even during the heat. Experts believe that drip irrigation improves the physicochemical properties of the soil and has a positive effect on its fertility. In addition, when using drip irrigation, weeds dry out, because they do not receive moisture.
Soil moisture - as a vehicle for chemical and biological substances that move in the soil. All chemical and biochemical processes occur in the aquatic environment. Plants receive not only moisture from the arable layer of the earth, but also nutrients. There are 4 forms of soil moisture: hygroscopic, film, capillary, and free gravitational. The hygroscopic condenses on the surface of the soil particles, is tightly bound to them, it is motionless, so it is not assimilated by the roots of plants. Film water "holds" to soil particles and is also not absorbed by plant roots, but plays an important role in ensuring the water and salt balance of the soil, since it can move from a considerable depth. Capillary and free gravity water is available for absorption by the root system. The capillary reaches the root system of plants from a considerable distance.
Another advantage of drip irrigation is that time is freed up for other work in the garden or vegetable garden.
First of all, for the arrangement of the drip irrigation system, it is necessary to have sufficient reserves of water from the river, pond, lake, artesian, well, tap, rainwater. There must be a reservoir for stocking up on the garden plot. The water in it will settle and warm up. Metal, nylon barrels are also suitable. In specialized stores, you can buy tanks for 100, 200 liters and more. The reservoir is covered with boards, slate, plastic wrap so that leaves, dust, rodents, etc. do not get into the water. The water must be free of sediment, impurities.
It is easier to buy drip irrigation tools in a specialized store. Buy a hose or special tape for drip irrigation, put it on the garden bed next to the plants, connect it to the water tank by turning on the tap, and the water drips to the root system of the plants.
You can do drip irrigation with your own hands. Metal pipes should be placed horizontally on the bed, but plastic pipes are better for supplying water to the plants. Plastic ones are lighter, they don't rust, they are easier to carry and make holes in them. One pipe is main, others are distribution. The main one must be connected to the tank. Install a filter between the tank and the pipe, such as the one sold in plumbing stores, complete with water meters. If water for irrigation is taken from the water supply network of the settlement, then the meter itself will be needed.
Connect special distribution pipes with dropper holes to the main pipe, and make a plug at their opposite end. To prevent the holes from silting up, they must be cleaned from time to time.
But the easiest way to set up a drip irrigation system is with plastic bottles. Better to use 3-10-liter. Make several thin holes in the bottle (you can use a large needle or an awl), dig it into the garden bed near the plant, pour water, and the plant will receive moisture through the holes in the bottle.
Holes can become silted up and need to be cleaned frequently.
The most important plus of a home-made drip irrigation system is that almost nothing is needed to create it (both material costs and moral). Everyone can make the simplest "watering" without any experience.
Since there are bottles in every home, and getting a couple is not difficult, another plus of bottle watering is its cheapness. Such a system will cost any summer resident very cheaply, which is an important factor for the development of the economy.
The second positive feature of drip irrigation is efficiency. This word has several meanings. Firstly, just walking around the garden and filling the vessels is much easier than standing with the hose for several hours. Or even worse, walking around the garden with a heavy watering can. Drip irrigation can save you a lot of time that can be spent on yourself and not on the garden.
The main clogging of hoses and droppers with silt is considered a problem of operation, sand and other fine particles. In order to prevent this problem, it is reasonable to use mechanical filter types. Hard water and fertilizer supply can also cause blockages. Acid additives can solve this problem. When the water is contaminated with mucus, flushing and chlorination can be used.
Before first use drip irrigation system is flushed with plugs removed... Water is driven through the hoses, and then during operation this procedure should be repeated. At the end of the season, the hoses and pipes are rinsed and dried again (see the video for the correct procedure).
To maintain constant plant moisture throughout the day, it is worth turning the water on and off at regular intervals. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the droppers are not clogged (the absence of puddles is a sign of normal operation). The dropper holes do not need to be enlarged, because when the pressure changes, the water will flow unevenly.
Gardeners have always been a smart people, and therefore with their own hands they even managed make a drip irrigation system from plastic bottles. This method is used not only by those who come to the site a couple of times a week, but also by those who have a small piece of land for a vegetable garden. Bottled root watering is preferable for plants as it prevents moisture from reaching the leaves.
You can make a drip irrigation system from plastic bottles as follows:
There is another method for creating a do-it-yourself drip irrigation system:
Gardeners consider this method more convenient for flooding with water.
A similar do-it-yourself drip irrigation system ensures the flow of water directly to the roots, and therefore there is a targeted irrigation. Of course, it is easy to assemble a drip irrigation system from bottles if you stock up on many containers with a volume of one and a half or two liters.
Before creating drip irrigation systems bottles must be freed from labels, washed and dried. It is better to do drip irrigation with your own hands from dark plastic containers so that silt does not form.
The advantage of such a drip irrigation system is that, unlike pipes and hoses, it will not be dragged away by thieves.
Many summer residents grow strawberries on plotsthat requires special care. The water supply plays an important role in this. The formation of bushes and harvest will depend on its quality. Given that the root system of strawberries is close to the surface, it will not be able to feed on water from deep pipes.
Ideal for strawberries, a combination of conventional sprinkling is consideredthat washes away dust from foliage, and do-it-yourself drip irrigation. This method is characterized by the flow of moisture just under the root, which prevents waterlogging of the soil and the development of weeds.
The design of do-it-yourself drip irrigation for strawberries is quite simple. It is characterized by the following advantages:
To create a drip irrigation system, it is recommended to purchase only high-quality materials.that will last longer. Using drip irrigation on the site, gardeners greatly simplify the task of growing crops!