A gorgeous begonia flower, which, with proper care, can be grown not only in flower pots, but also in the ground, will become a real decoration of a garden flower bed. To date, more than 900 breeding tubers of its varieties are known, which have different colors and shapes. Planting and caring for begonia at home and in the garden requires knowledge of certain subtleties of its cultivation, which will be discussed in our article.
The best time to plant begonia tubers at home is early March. It was at this time that the first buds appear on them, from which sprouts will appear very soon. Moreover, if more than 7 buds are observed on one tuber, then it can be divided into two and planted in the soil, having received another flower.
The best time to plant begonia tubers at home is the beginning of March.
The begonias should be planted in moist peat, with which specially prepared boxes are filled, with the rounded side down, while immersing the tuber in the ground half so that its upper part remains on the surface. This will allow the young shoots to break through and form thin stems more quickly.
All varieties of tuberous begonia, as well as ampelous begonia, love light.
Tubers planted in peat should be watered sparsely, but as they grow, the intensity of watering should be increased. This will amount to caring for them. And after the height of the stems reaches 5 cm and the first leaves appear on them, each plant should be planted in the ground, completely sprinkling their roots with earth and watered abundantly with water.
All varieties of tuberous begonia, as well as ampelous begonia, love light. Therefore, both tubers and seedlings should be planted at home and in the garden where there is a lot of sun, but at the same time avoiding direct sunlight. Alternatively, you can plant it in a slightly shaded, but always in a well-ventilated place. Changes in light, as well as overflow, are extremely harmful to begonias. Under unfavorable conditions, it can shed leaves and buds, wither or get sunburn. This is especially true for young plants that have just been planted in the ground. Therefore, if the seedlings were grown at home from the south side of the house, it is not recommended to transfer them to a flower bed in the garden in the northern part of the garden plot.
Tuberous begonias, when planted correctly, do not need special care. It, like garden lilies, can even be called a rather unpretentious plant, which will decorate the flowerbed throughout the summer season and delight the owners with lush and bright flowering. But for this, caring for her at home must be according to all the rules. This applies to:
With watering, it is important not to overdo it and not flood young plants, the roots of which are located at the surface of the earth.
On hot summer days, tubular begonia grown at home is recommended to be watered abundantly with warm, settled water. This is especially true during the flowering period, when the plant requires a lot of strength, moisture and nutrition. The same applies to feeding, which should be carried out regularly, using mineral fertilizers for this. However, with watering, it is important not to overdo it and not to overwhelm young plants, the roots of which are located at the surface of the earth. In addition, water should not fall on the leaves, otherwise it is fraught with sunburn, rot or powdery mildew damage.
But such care, as spraying air around them, will be very useful. They need to be carried out 2 - 3 times a week. This has a very good effect on the growth of begonia and the splendor of its flowering.
At the end of flowering, watering will properly be gradually reduced until the stem is trimmed and the tubers are removed from the ground. In winter, the tubers are stored in the basement of the house, after placing them in boxes and sprinkling them with sawdust. They do not need any additional care at home.
Video plot on how to plant a tuberous begonia
Begonia should be fed with mineral and organic fertilizers, alternating them every 2 weeks. Feeding should start in May and end in early October. By the way, it is recommended to plant begonia in organic-rich soil; in limestone soil, this garden flower withers and blooms very poorly.
Reproduction of tuberous begonia at home by seeds is considered the most troublesome business.
Begonia is a very beautiful and quite popular flower among gardeners. She blooms profusely, and the carved leaves of her decorative varieties allow her to participate in the elements of the landscape design of the backyard of the house. Therefore, quite often the question arises of its reproduction at home. This can happen in two ways:
Reproduction of tuberous begonia at home by seeds is considered the most troublesome business. The fact is that the seeds of this plant are very small and before they are planted, they must undergo special care for better germination. After that, they can be planted in open ground under a film, having previously moistened them with a growth stimulator. This method is usually used when it is required to preserve the varietal characteristics of this flower.
A simpler and more common method would be to reproduce it at home with tubers that live for about 5 years. It is enough just to divide the tuber into 2 or 3 parts, so that each of them has at least 2 buds, and plant them in peat or directly into the soil. After that, carrying out elementary care for them, several plants can be obtained from one.
Alternatively, begonia can be propagated by cuttings. This is usually done in May. The strongest shoot is cut from the plant, the height of which should be at least 10 cm, placed in moistened peat and occasionally watered. In this case, the main thing is also not to overflow, otherwise the planted stalk can rot and disappear.
Alternatively, begonia can be propagated by cuttings.
But most often this garden flower is bought in pots and, after the danger of spring frosts has passed, they are transplanted to a flower bed in the garden. Thus, royal begonia or any of its varieties may appear in your flower bed.
Tuberous begonia planted at home in the ground will grow well and bloom luxuriantly only if favorable conditions are created for it and proper care is provided. If the planting was incorrect and the plant is uncomfortable, it will immediately inform about this by changes in its appearance, which an experienced florist will definitely pay attention to, namely:
Video about breeding and care at home
A plant decaying from excessive watering can still be saved if the rotted parts and the top layer of the earth are promptly removed, then add fresh and stop watering it so often.
Observing these simple rules for planting tuberous begonia and caring for it, you can achieve its lush flowering throughout the summer season. And its competent reproduction will allow this garden flower to become an element of landscape design in the decorative design of the garden, which will attract the attention of guests and casual passers-by.
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Tuberous begonia is attractive for its high decorative effect, long flowering and the possibility of growing indoors and outdoors. With the help of the plant, balconies, front entrances, flower beds and decorative gazebos are often landscaped.
The abundance of forms and shades of this type of begonias is striking, which are successfully combined with other plants and, when properly grown, become the subject of special pride of the florist. Let's talk about planting and caring for tuberous begonia.
First of all, it is worth noting that begonia belongs to perennial plants, the genus of which is considered to be tropical, humid forests. The height of the bush does not exceed 40 cm, and the flowering is so exuberant that you cannot see the leaves. Tuberous varieties are divided into several more types:
Where to buy begonias planting material? Experts advise giving preference to specialized stores that sell quality goods. You can plant flowers with seeds and seedlings. If you choose the first option, then sowing should be carried out already at the beginning of spring, so that the plant takes root and blooms already at the beginning of summer.
The seeds of begonia are very small, therefore, in order to improve germination and ease of planting, the manufacturer covers each seed with a soluble shell. Planting tuberous begonias in the prepared substrate can be carried out in two ways:
After planting, the seed containers are covered with transparent material to create optimal conditions for the seedlings.
When growing tuberous begonia from seeds on the windowsill of the house, it is very important to observe the temperature regime. Seedlings show good development at an air temperature of 22-24 ° C. It is also necessary to maintain soil moisture. Otherwise, the seed pellets may dry out and harden, preventing the sprout from hatching.
When a plant forms 1-2 true leaves, it is dived for the first time in a 2X2 container. Planting seedlings of tuberous begonia in a permanent place is carried out 5 weeks after the first pick.
There are two ways to grow tuberous begonia at home - by sowing seeds into the soil or using the tuber of an already mature plant. When growing begonias from seeds, it is important where they will grow in the future. So, for example, if you plan to grow this perennial as a houseplant, then sowing seeds should be done in December, and if you want to grow a plant in the garden, then sowing seeds for seedlings can be done in early spring.
The technique for growing begonias from seeds is as follows.
A slightly different technique is used to grow begonias from a tuber. Its essence is as follows.
When growing begonias from a tuber, care must be taken to ensure that the soil is not waterlogged. In addition, it is important to choose the right pot in terms of volume - it should not be too large or too small. It is enough for the new container to be a couple of centimeters larger than the previous one. If you plan to plant begonia in open ground, you need to immediately choose a place where it will be provided with good and uniform lighting, as well as protection from drafts and strong winds.
After you have finished germinating begonias and transplanted young plants to their permanent growth site, you will need to pay attention to them again. Growing begonias is a fun and interesting process. This plant is not capricious and responds well to care, so it is not difficult to grow it at home or in the garden. Any begonia loves light and warmth, but it can also tolerate a certain shade well, although the plant variety plays a significant role here.It is worth knowing that those plants with large flowers love semi-shaded habitats, and begonias with small flowers have a need for bright lighting. This principle is also true for ampelous tuberous varieties.
Another important point is that begonias' stems are fragile and brittle, so plants do not like strong winds and it is best to plant them under the protection of large shrubs or among tree trunks. In addition, do not forget that begonia loves warmth, so it may be too cool in open areas. Although there are some varieties that can bloom even at 10 degrees Celsius. But this is more the exception than the rule.
Begonias suffer greatly from heat and dry soil, so it is important to ensure that the soil substrate is always moist. This rule applies to both garden plants and home begonias. When watering, you must observe the measure - excess water will lead to decay of the root system or to stop plant growth. It is especially important to observe moderation when watering newly transplanted begonias, since at this time they have an important rooting process, which consists in the growth of the root system.
Making the garden area cozy and festive at the same time is a creative task. The multi-colored tuberous begonia planted in the garden, with proper care, becomes its chic decoration. Consider the features of its breeding, the tricks are simple and available even to a novice gardener. Perhaps begonia will become your favorite garden flower.
Experienced gardeners have been familiar with begonias for a long time. This is a plant that has been obtained by breeders from several types of flowers. It is better to buy begonias in a specialized flower shop. It can grow as a bush, grass or ampelous plant. She is decorated with both a balcony and park beds.
It is possible to determine in what conditions begonia will develop best by type and variety. Flowers differ in the parameters of the tuber, the size and characteristics of the bright petals and the general shape of the bush. From a distance, some of them, with their inflorescences with terry, jagged, corrugated edges, resemble camellias and roses, daffodils and peonies.
The roots of any begonia are sensitive to cold snaps and drought.
At home, begonia care is not difficult. Watering is carried out around the perimeter of the pot. An ideal place for its cultivation will be the windowsills of the eastern and western directions. In the course of development, withered shoots, leaves and male nondescript inflorescences are removed, in which seeds ripen if necessary.
Tuberous begonia can be placed in an open area in the garden only after the frost has passed, in the central regions - not earlier than May. But let's start in order.
Experienced flower growers recommend purchasing strong and dense tubers with buds in proven stores, starting in February. They should be free of physical damage, mold. Healthy planting material will last well in a cool room until disembarkation.
Before planting, the dead roots are eliminated and the tuber is placed three quarters in warm water with a fungicide for etching for 30 minutes (take the proportions in the instructions for the preparation).
For germination of a flower with shallow roots, a shallow pot or container with drainage made of expanded clay, brick or large rubble is suitable. It is better to fertilize the soil immediately with mineral components. Ready-made earthen composition can be bought at the store. If you cook yourself, then take: two parts of leafy earth, part of humus, peat and sand. Tamping the ground for begonias is not recommended.
The interval between plants is kept at 10 centimeters, and to the edge of the container - 5 centimeters. The convex side of the tuber is placed deep into the soil for root formation, and on the concave part, which is left on the surface, buds will grow.
It is not recommended to create greenhouse conditions for the plant, so the tuber quickly adapts to external conditions. The place for germination is suitable for a light without direct rays, ventilated without drafts, the temperature is required from 15 to 17 degrees.
Young begonia is gradually taught in the street and in the garden, daily taking it out to the open balcony or directly into the garden. This is the easiest way to adapt colors.
Planting in a flowerbed in spring and covering the plantings with various materials is a more energy-intensive option for a gardener. Although it also has a right to exist, especially if you live next to your garden.
A plot in the garden is chosen semi-shady and windless, the soil is prepared nutritious, loose, breathable.
Planting large bushes from each other is recommended at a distance of at least 30 itself. For medium-sized specimens, it is sufficient to leave 20 cm. The interval for small varieties is 15 cm.
So the begonia took its place in the garden. The time has come for caring for flower plantings. During the growing season, the bushes prefer morning abundant watering, but not on the tubers, but around them.
Begonia blooms profusely in late May and mid-October. Each large bush-bouquet needs support, since the shoots of flowers are brittle. Plants require moderate irrigation during flowering.
Good development, an increase in the number of inflorescences is facilitated by the introduction of organic matter and mineral additives. Top dressing is carried out up to three times during the whole season.
Tuberous begonia is a delicate plant, tasty for all pests of the garden and park. It is often struck, especially in greenhouse conditions: thrips, nematodes, greenhouse aphids, whiteflies, scale insects. You can prevent attacks by treating begonia with prophylactic agents (it is important to follow the dosage according to the manufacturer's instructions).
Compliance with the watering regime, lighting and the correct composition of the soil will eliminate the need to treat begonia. Violation of even one point leads to the defeat of the bushes with powdery mildew, gray mold, bacterial or ring spot.
In this case, it will be necessary to destroy fungal microorganisms with special solutions: Fundazol, Topaz, Bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate.
You can get several begonia bushes in different ways: by seeds, dividing a tuber or cuttings.
Her seeds are small, so they are sold in a soluble shell, and obtained at home, they are mixed with sand.
Sowing without sprinkling into containers with drainage and nutrient soil is recommended to be done in the middle of winter, so that tuberous begonia has time to please with flowers in summer. In early October, the tuber will be formed.
The container is covered with a lid or foil, the temperature in the room is maintained at about 25 degrees. After 14 days, seedlings will appear, and in the presence of two true leaves, the seedlings dive into separate pots.
Large specimens of tubers aged more than two years before spring planting are segmented with a sharp knife into several parts, leaving several live buds on each. Coal is sprinkled on fresh surfaces, and then placed in boxes with soil.
Consider the most difficult way, how to propagate tuberous begonia using cuttings. To do this, in spring or autumn, the shoots from the tuber of the mother plant are twisted, sprinkled with coal and dried "wound".
In order for the roots to appear at the cutting faster, conditions are created, as in a greenhouse: a sprout placed in the soil is covered with a plastic bottle. After about a month, the begonia stalk will give roots, it is moved to the pot.
Further care takes place, like any other house plant.
With the beginning of autumn, watering of begonia plantings is significantly reduced, feeding is completely stopped. The aboveground part gradually dies off. After all the leaves have fallen off, the tops are cut off. After 14 days, the tubers can be dug out to move to the dormant period.
Tubers overwinter well in containers in which sphagnum moss or peat is placed. In a dry, dark room, the temperature is kept no higher than five degrees. At least twice a winter, it is recommended to look into the boxes and remove rotten or dried specimens.
Young bushes, which were grown from seeds, do not lose their shoots and leaves in the first year. They are dug up to the first frost with a lump of earth in boxes up to 15 cm high.
For them, a bright room with a temperature of no higher than 15 degrees is chosen, and the moisture of the earth is monitored throughout the winter period. With the arrival of natural heat, the bushes will actively grow.
Before moving to the garden, they are planted in pots and adapted to outdoor conditions.
A gentle and relatively wayward begonia is often used in the design of a garden or park. Tuberous begonia blooms until frost, keeping the bright, well-groomed appearance of the site.
The originality of the garden will be given by compositions using flowerpots, in which begonia develops well. Borders and ridges can consist of bright strokes of begonia inflorescences in combination with other annuals or decorative deciduous crops. Thanks to their color variety, you can paint whole pictures and compositions on the garden plot.
The garden beauty is unpretentious in the neighborhood and gets along well with lobelia, lobularia, surfinia, iberis, primrose, daisy.
How to save begonia tubers until next season?
Tuberous begonia refers to plants that, in our conditions, do not hibernate in the open field, therefore, its tubers are dug up and stored indoors until spring. In the autumn-winter period, when the tubers are dormant, they need to provide certain conditions.
In September, the buds of begonias are cut to stimulate the outflow of nutrients to the underground parts and the transition of plants to a dormant state. Before the onset of frost, the stems are cut, leaving hemp no more than 5 cm. Then, around each plant, they gently loosen the soil with a shovel or pitchfork and, stepping back from the base of the root system by 6–8 cm, pick up an earthen lump.
Further, the tubers are carefully freed from soil residues, the sick and damaged are discarded. This planting material is laid out in a cool, ventilated area. After a couple of weeks, the finally dried stump from the stem is removed. Tubers are laid out in cardboard boxes, for example from shoes, and covered with dry organic material (sawdust, peat, and others).
Another way is to pack each tuber in newsprint and put it in cardboard containers before storing it. Hermetically sealed plastic containers are not suitable for this purpose: they lack the air necessary for breathing in the tubers.
Without loss, the tubers lie well until spring at a temperature of 4–10 °, for example, in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator. During storage, the planting material must be regularly inspected and discarded tubers with signs of disease.